Renal allograft rejection in rats and humans is a potent inducer of alloantibody to donor major histocompatibility complex antigens. Alloantibody in such presensitized recipients can cause hyperacute rejection of subsequent renal allografts. In order to characterize alloantibody production in rats presensitized by renal graft rejection, ACI (RT1") kidneys were transplanted into untreated fully allogeneic PVG (RT1°) recipients and allowed to reject while one native kidney remained in situ for host survival. Serum samples collected at weekly intervals were analyzed by flow cytometry for IgM and IgG antibody binding to ACI lymphoid target cells. The specificity of alloantibody responses was assessed by (1) differential binding to congenic rat strain target cells expressing only donor class I (PVG.R1) versus both donor class I and II (PVG.1A) antigens, (2) differential binding to unseparated donor lymphoid target cells versus lymphoid target cells depleted of class II MHC antigen-expressing cells, and (3) specific blocking of monoclonal antibodies to donor class I (R2/10P, R2/15S) or class II (F17.23.2) epitopes. Alloantibody responses to both donor class I and П MHC antigens were detected. The initial IgM response to donor class I MHC antigens peaked at the time of rejection, followed by a steady decline to relatively low levels by 4 weeks posttransplantation. The IgM response to donor class II MHC antigens was found to be cyclical with apparent peaks at day 7 and 5-6 weeks. The IgG response to donor class I and class II MHC antigens reached maximum by 5—6 weeks before slowly decreasing. IgM and IgG alloantibody specific for class I and class II MHC antigens could be detected through 19 weeks posttransplantation. The effects on circulating alloantibody of two manipulations, posttransplantation donor specific blood transfusion and allograft removal, were examined in this model. The alloantibody responses to class I MHC antigens were not affected by giving DSBT weekly beginning at day 14 after transplantation. However, posttransplantation DSBT eliminated the second peak of IgM alloantibody to class II MHC antigens seen approximately 5—6 weeks posttransplantation and also decreased circulating IgG specific for class II antigens. Transplantectomy at day 5-7 days after transplantation had no apparent effect on circulating IgM or IgG alloantibody through 7 weeks posttransplantation. These data indicate that in a fully allogeneic rat renal allograft model alloantibody responses are elicited to both class I and II MHC donor antigens, but that the kinetics and regulation of the responses to class I differ from those to class II alloantigens. Furthermore, these data indicate that alloantibody responses to class II alloantigens in this model can be altered by posttransplantation DSBT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas