Identifying operant functions for tics in children with mental retardation

David M. Richman, Steve E. Lindauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Functional analyses were used to assess the effects of environmental consequences on occurrences of repetitive vocal behavior that had been diagnosed as chronic vocal tics in two adolescent males with mental retardation. The functional analyses indicated that one participant's tics were sensitive to positive reinforcement in the form of caregiver attention, while the second participant's tics occurred independent of social consequences. The results are discussed in terms of using functional analysis methodology during assessment, diagnosis, and treatment selection for suspected tics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-190
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioral Interventions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 24 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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