Identification of Translin and Trax as components of the GS1 strand- specific DNA binding complex enriched in brain

Eiichi Taira, Patricia M. Finkenstadt, Jay M. Baraban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


In previous gel-shift assays, we identified a protein complex, referred to as GS1, that binds in a sequence-specific manner to single-stranded DNA and is highly enriched in brain. As an initial step in clarifying the function of this complex, we have undertaken studies aimed at defining its protein components. In particular, we focused on identifying two protein bands that were covalently labeled when the GS1-DNA complex was subjected to UV irradiation to induce cross-linking between the radiolabeled probe and GS1 components. By following GS1 binding activity through a series of conventional chromatographic steps, as well as an affinity column based on the DNA oligonucleotide used for gel-shift assays, we were able to achieve ~500,000-fold enrichment of GS1 compared with that in crude cerebellar extracts used as starting material. This highly purified fraction contained both protein bands detected by UV cross-linking in crude extracts. Sequencing of peptides derived from these proteins led to their identification as Translin and Trax, interacting proteins identified in studies of DNA recombination in lymphocytes. A distinct line of research has provided evidence that a complex containing Translin can bind to specific mRNAs and block their translation. Whether one or both of these proposed functions of the Translin/Trax complex explains the high basal level of GS1 binding activity present in the brain remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-477
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1998


  • DNA recombination
  • GS1 binding activity Brain
  • GS1 protein complex
  • Lymphocyte
  • MRNA translation
  • Translin
  • Trax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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