Studies suggest that staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is initially harbored in the kidney by binding to digalactosylceramide molecules in the proximal tubular cells. However, little is known in regard to the peptide motif within SEB that binds to these cells and imparts toxic effects. Herein, using human kidney proximal tubular cells (PTs) we have performed a systematic study on the binding of various peptides and peptide analogs of SEB and demonstrate a structure-functional relationship. Using [125I]labeled SEB peptides, we show a high affinity and displaceable binding of SEB 191-220 to human PT cells. Binding was mitigated by the use of antibody against SEB, by digalactosylceramide (the putative receptor), and by the use of endoglycoceramidase, which selectively removes the oligosaccharide backbones from glycosphingolipids. Our structure/functional studies revealed that peptide 130-160 induces a concentration-dependent increase in programmed cell death/apoptosis in human proximal tubular cells. Mechanistic studies further suggest that SEB/SEB peptide (130-160) impart apoptosis via the activation of neutral sphingomyelinase, which hydrolizes sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphocholine. SEB 130-160 mediated apoptosis was mitigated by preincubation of cells with antibody against SEB and an SEB 130-160 antibody.
- Renal proximal tubule cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)