Identification of proteins that interact with tank binding kinase 1 and testing for mutations associated with glaucoma

Seongjin Seo, Frances Solivan-Timpe, Ben R. Roos, Alan L. Robin, Edwin M. Stone, Young H. Kwon, Wallace L.M. Alward, John H. Fingert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Copy number variations (duplications) of TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1) have been associated with normal tension glaucoma (NTG), a common cause of blindness worldwide. Mutations in other genes involved in autophagy (TLR4 and OPTN) have been associated with NTG. Here we report searching for additional proteins involved in autophagy that may also have roles in NTG. Materials and methods: HEK-293T cells were transfected to produce synthetic TBK1 protein with FLAG and S tags. Proteins that associate with TBK1 were isolated from HEK-293T lysates using tandem affinity purification (TAP) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Isolated proteins were identified with mass spectrometry. A cohort of 148 NTG patients and 77 controls from Iowa were tested for glaucoma-causing mutations in genes that encode identified proteins that interact with TBK1 using high resolution melt (HRM) analysis and DNA sequencing. Results: TAP studies show that three proteins expressed in HEK-293T cells (NAP1, TANK and TBKBP1) interact with TBK1. Testing cohorts of NTG and normal controls for disease-causing mutations in TANK, identified a total of nine unique variants including three non-synonymous changes, one synonymous changes and five intronic changes. When analyzed alone or as a group, the non-synonymous TBK1 coding sequence changes were not associated with either NTG or primary open angle glaucoma. Conclusion: TAP showed that NAP1, TANK and TBKBP1 interact with TBK1 and are good candidates for contributing to NTG. A mutation screen of TANK detected three non-synonymous variants. Although, it remains possible that one or more of these TANK mutations may have a role in NTG, the data in this report do not provide statistical support for an association between TANK variants and NTG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-315
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Keywords

  • Glaucoma
  • TKB1
  • Tandem affinity purification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Seo, S., Solivan-Timpe, F., Roos, B. R., Robin, A. L., Stone, E. M., Kwon, Y. H., Alward, W. L. M., & Fingert, J. H. (2013). Identification of proteins that interact with tank binding kinase 1 and testing for mutations associated with glaucoma. Current Eye Research, 38(2), 310-315. https://doi.org/10.3109/02713683.2012.754047