A mixture of hexosaminitols obtained by reducing N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine, and N-acetylmannosamine with sodium borohydride was resolved by borate complex anion-exchange chromatography. This procedure yielded a complete separation of N-acetylglucosaminitol, N-acetylgalactosaminitol, and N-acetylmannosaminitol and provided a rapid and accurate means for identifying and measuring N-acetylhexosamines in biological samples. This method was applied to studies on N-acetylneuraminic acid metabolism in human skin fibroblasts. It was used to identify reaction products in two enzymatic reactions: the conversion of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to N-acetylmannosamine and UDP by UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase and the conversion of N-acetylneuraminic acid to N-acetylmannosamine and pyruvate by N-acetylneuraminate pyruvate-lyase. It was also used to identify the free 3H-labeled N-acetylhexosamines found in fibroblasts cultured in the presence of N-[3H]acetylmannosamine.
- N-acetylneuraminate pyruvate-lyase
- UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase
- borohydride reduction
- neuraminic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology