Using immunocytochemical methods, CSF lymphocyte subpopulations were examined in different neurologic disorders associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. CSF pleocytosis was observed in asymptomatic neurologically normal subjects, in patients with aseptic meningitis, and those with inflammatory demyelinating neuropathies, but infrequently in subjects with AIDS dementia complex. The distribution of CSF lymphocyte subpopulations in HIV-infected patients differed from control subjecta showing decreases in percentages of T helper (CD4) cells and increases in T suppressor (CD8) cells. Peripheral blood and CSF CD4: CD8 ratios were inverted in all of the neurologic disorders studied. In all disorders, the changes in CSF composition of mononuclear cells paralleled alterations in peripheral blood and in patients with AIDS dementia complex, there was a relationship between the severity of dementia and blood and CSF CD4 lymphocyte proportions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology