Identification of Gastric Contractions from Cutaneous Electrogastrogram

Jian De Z. Chen, Robert D. Richards, Richard W. McCallum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether gastric contractions in the fasting and fed state can be identifled from the cutaneous electrogastro‐gram. Methods: Simultaneous measurements of gastric myoelectrical and manometric activities were made in 10 healthy female volunteers from 1:00 AM to 9:45 AM. For manometric recording, a catheter incorporating solid state transducers was used. Cutaneous electro‐gastrography (EGG) was used for myoelectrical recording. All EGG data from 1:00 AM to 7:30 AM that occurred during motor quiescence, all EGG data that occurred during antral contractions, and 2‐h EGG data after breakfast given at 7:30 AM were quantitatively analyzed and compared with each other. The EGG in three specific periods (fasting without antral contractions, fasting with contractions, and postprandial) was characterized by four parameters that include frequency, power, and stabilities of the frequency and power. Results: 1) the peak power of the postprandial EGG was, respectively, 12.5 dB (about 2‐fold increase n i amplitude) and 6.8 dB (ahout 1‐fold increase in amplitude) higher than that during motor quiescence (p < 0.05) and motor activity in the fasting state; 2) the dominant frequency of the postprandial EGG was, respectively, 6% and 13% higher than that during motor quiescence and motor activity (p < 0.05) in the fasting state; 3) the peak power of the fasting EGG was 48% more unstable during motor activity than motor quiescence (p < 0.05); 4) the stability of the EGG frequency was not significantly different during the three different periods. Conclusion: The EGG provides important and useful information for the assessment of gastric motility. An unstable EGG peak power is indicative of gastric contractions in the fasting state. An increase in EGG peak power and/or dominant frequency after a solid test meal suggests a normal postprandial gastric motility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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