Identification of differentially expressed proteins in the aqueous humor of primary congenital glaucoma

Rachida A. Bouhenni, Sami Al Shahwan, Jose Morales, Bassam T. Wakim, Anthony M. Chomyk, Fowzan S. Alkuraya, Deepak P. Edward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary Congenital Glaucoma (PCG) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by an abnormal development of the anterior chamber angle. Although, PCG has been linked to several genetic loci, the role that the genes at these loci or their encoded proteins play in the pathophysiology of PCG and development of the anterior chamber is not known. To identify proteins that may be altered in PCG and that may help in understanding the underlying pathophysiology of the disease, we took a global proteomics approach. Tryptic digests of the complex mixtures of proteins in aqueous humor were analyzed using Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Proteins were identified by searching the data against the human subset of the UniProt database. The proteomes of aqueous humor in PCG (n = 7) and patients undergoing cataract surgery as control (n = 4) were compared based on the scan counts of comparable proteins. Using stringent filtering criteria, Apolipoprotein A-IV (APOA-IV), Albumin and Antithrombin 3 (ANT3) were detected at significantly higher levels in PCG AH compared to control, whereas Transthyretin (TTR), Prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase (PTGDS), Opticin (OPT) and Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein (IRBP) were detected at significantly lower levels. Many of these proteins play a role in retinoic acid (RA) binding/transport and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's (AD). It is possible that similar to AD, the pathologic changes in PCG during development could be influenced by the availability of RA in the anterior chamber.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aqueous humor
  • Differential expression
  • Primary congenital glaucoma
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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