Identification of der(1;19)(q10;p10) in five oligodendrogliomas suggests mechanism of concurrent 1p and 19q loss

Constance A. Griffin, Peter Burger, Laura Morsberger, Raluca Yonescu, Sharon Swierczynski, Jon D. Weingart, Kathleen M. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Deletions of portions of chromosomes 1p and 19q are closely associated with the oligodendroglioma histologic phenotype. In most cases, 1p and 19q are codeleted, yet the mechanism of dual loss is unexplained. We report 5 cases (World Health Organization grade III) in which metaphase cytogenetics identified a derivative chromosome consisting of what appears to be the whole arms of 1q and 19p forming a der(1;19)(q10;p10). Metaphase fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed the derivative chromosome was composed of 1q and 19p material in 3 cases; in 2 cases with few metaphases, FISH confirmed 19p material on the derivative chromosome. In all cases, interphase FISH showed net loss of 1p and 19q in 77% to 92% of cells, and microsatellite studies were consistent with 1p and 19q loss. We hypothesize the following: occurrence of a balanced whole-arm translocation between chromosomes 1 and 19 forming 2 derivative chromosomes, one composed of 1q and 19p, the other of 1p and 19q. Subsequent loss of the der(1;19)(p10;q10) then results in the simultaneous 1p and 19q loss observed in oligodendroglioma with retention of the der(1;19)(q10;p10) seen in these cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-994
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume65
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Brain tumor
  • Chromosome
  • Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)
  • Karyotype
  • Oligodendroglioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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