Identification of circulating parasite antigen in patients with bancroftian filariasis

R. S. Paranjape, R. Hussain, T. B. Nutman, R. Hamilton, E. A. Ottesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Because many cases of lymphatic filariasis cannot be diagnosed either clinically or by immunodiagnostic test based on antibody detection, recent efforts have been more directed towards developing methods for detecting parasite antigen in the blood or urine. Using a solid phase (Sepharose 4B) two-site immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) employing hyperimmune rabbit antifilarial antisera, we have previously shown (Hamilton et al., 1984) that essentially all cases of patent (i.e. microfilaremic) infection in patients with bancroftian filariasis can be detected by this semi-quantitative assay as well as some individuals with amicrofilaremic (i.e., 'cryptic') infection. The present communication reports the results of studies that identify a prominent circulating antigen detected by this IRMA in sera from patients with microfilaremia. The antigen was eluted from Sepharose-bound rabbit polyclonal antiserum that had been reacted with known antigen positive sera. It was run in SDS-PAGE, blotted to nitrocellulose paper and identified autoradiographically using 125I-labelled rabbit antifilarial antiserum. Its high molecular weight (~ 200 kD), stability to acid and boiling, and sensitivity to pronase and periodate suggest its being a glycoprotein. Isolation of this antigen will permit the development of specific reagents (such as monoclonal antibodies) which should enhance both the sensitivity and utility of the currently available antigen detection systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume63
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 18 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Paranjape, R. S., Hussain, R., Nutman, T. B., Hamilton, R., & Ottesen, E. A. (1986). Identification of circulating parasite antigen in patients with bancroftian filariasis. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 63(3), 508-516.