Immune checkpoint-blocking drugs such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab have demonstrated clinical efficacy as anticancer agents. Through modulation of immunoregulatory molecules, these novel therapeutics can produce durable cancer remissions in a variety of tumor types. As these medications are administered to an increasing number of patients, clinicians must be able to recognize and treat the associated immune-related side effects. This review summarizes the unique mechanisms of toxicity associated with immune checkpoint-blocking drugs, appropriate steps in patient evaluation, and strategies for mitigating risk and optimizing patient outcomes. Although the management of each patient receiving immune checkpoint-blockade therapy must be individualized, a conceptual framework upon which to base a multidisciplinary approach to best practices will help oncology practitioners deliver safe and effective care.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research