Identification and management of toxicities from immune checkpoint-blocking drugs

Benjamin A. Teply, Evan J. Lipson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Immune checkpoint-blocking drugs such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab have demonstrated clinical efficacy as anticancer agents. Through modulation of immunoregulatory molecules, these novel therapeutics can produce durable cancer remissions in a variety of tumor types. As these medications are administered to an increasing number of patients, clinicians must be able to recognize and treat the associated immune-related side effects. This review summarizes the unique mechanisms of toxicity associated with immune checkpoint-blocking drugs, appropriate steps in patient evaluation, and strategies for mitigating risk and optimizing patient outcomes. Although the management of each patient receiving immune checkpoint-blockade therapy must be individualized, a conceptual framework upon which to base a multidisciplinary approach to best practices will help oncology practitioners deliver safe and effective care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalOncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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