Hyperuricemia after orthotopic liver transplantation: divergent associations with progression of renal disease, incident end-stage renal disease, and mortality

Joseph C. Longenecker, Sana Waheed, Ghassan Bandak, Christine A. Murakami, Blaithin A. McMahon, Allan C. Gelber, Mohamed G. Atta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Although hyperuricemia is common after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), its relationship to mortality, progressive kidney disease, or the development of end stage renal disease (ESRD) is not well-described. Methods: Data from 304 patients undergoing OLT between 1996 and 2010 were used to assess the association of mean serum uric acid (UA) level in the 3-months post-OLT with mortality, doubling of creatinine, and ESRD incidence. Post-OLT survival to event outcomes according to UA level and eGFR was assessed using the Kaplan Meier method and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. Results: Mean UA level among the 204 patients with an eGFR level ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2 was 6.4 mg/dl compared to 7.9 mg/dl among the 100 patients with eGFR <60 (p < 0.0001). During a median of 4.6 years of follow-up, mortality rate, doubling of creatinine, and ESRD incidence were 48.9, 278.2, and 20.7 per 1000 person-years, respectively. In the first 5 years of follow-up, elevated UA was associated with mortality (Hazard Ratio, HR = 1.7; p = 0.045). However, among those with eGFR ≥ 60, UA level did not predict mortality (HR = 1.0; p = 0.95), and among those with eGFR < 60, elevated UA was a strong predictor of mortality (HR = 3.7[1.1, 12.0]; p = 0.03). UA was not associated with ESRD, but was associated with doubling of creatinine among diabetics (HR = 2.2[1.1, 4.3]; p = 0.025). Conclusion: In this post-OLT cohort, hyperuricemia independently predicted mortality, particularly among patients with eGFR < 60, and predicted doubling of creatinine among diabetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103
JournalBMC nephrology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2017

Keywords

  • Clinical epidemiology
  • Liver transplantation
  • Uric acid
  • eGFR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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