Hypertension Crisis in the Emergency Department

Wallace Johnson, My Le Nguyen, Ronak Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hypertensive crises, which include hypertensive emergencies and urgencies, are frequently encountered in the emergency department, and require immediate attention as they can lead to irreversible end-organ damage. Normal blood pressure (BP) regulation is altered during acute rises in BP, leading to end-organ damage. Multiple organs can be injured. Special considerations should be given to hypertensive pregnant patients and patients with postoperative hypertension. Treatment should be individualized to each patient based on the type and extent of end-organ damage, degree of BP elevation, and the specific side effects that each medication could have on a patient's preexisting comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-543
Number of pages11
JournalCardiology Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Guidelines
  • Hypertension crisis
  • Hypertensive emergency
  • Hypertensive urgency
  • Malignant hypertension
  • Management
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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