Hyperinsulinemia of obesity is due to decreased clearance of insulin

M. T. Meistas, S. Margolis, A. A. Kowarski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The hyperinsulinemia of obesity could result from a decrease in the metabolic clearance rate of insulin (MCR-I), an increase in the secretory rate of insulin (SR-I), or a combination of both these processes. Because C-peptide and insulin are secreted in an equimolar ratio, the plasma concentrations of C-peptide (C) and insulin (I) are inversely proportional to their rates of metabolic clearance (C/I = MCR-I/MRC-C). We obtained 24-h integrated concentrations (IC) of insulin (IC-I) and C-peptide (IC-C) in 23 obese and 45 nonobese subjects over a period of normal activity and food intake. The IC-I was 69% higher in the obese subjects (P < 0.0001). A 13% increase in the IC-C (P = 0.04, with a constant rate of C-peptide clearance indicates a proportionate increase in SR-I. A 33% decrease in the IC-C/IC-I in the obese group (P < 0.005) reflects a decrease in MCR-I; hence, 75% of the hyperinsulinemia is due to a decrease in the clearance of insulin. Because peripheral MCR-I (pMCR-I) is similar in obese and nonobese subjects, the decrease in MCR-I may be due to a decrease in the hepatic clearance of insulin. This conclusion was supported by our comparison of 24-hr IC-CIC-I ratios in the obese and nonobese subjects. Whereas the 24-h IC-C/IC-I of the nonobese resembled the fasting state, the 24-h IC-C/IC-I of the obese resembled the postprandial state, when insulin removal by the liver is known to be suppressed. These data are consistent with a decreased 24-h hepatic MCR-I (hMCR-I) as the cause of the hyperinsulinemia of obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E155-E159
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hyperinsulinemia of obesity is due to decreased clearance of insulin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this