Hyperimmune bovine colostrum treatment of moribund leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) infected with Cryptosporidium sp.

Thaddeus K. Graczyk, Michael R. Cranfield, Eileen F. Bostwick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Therapy based on the protective passive immunity of hyperimmune bovine colostrum (HBC) was applied to 12 moribund Leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) infected with Cryptosporidium sp. The geckos were lethargic and moderately to severely emaciated, weighing on average 36 % ot the baseline body weight value. Seven gastric HBC treatments at 1-week intervals each decreased the relative output of Cryptosporidium sp. oocysts and the prevalence of oocyst-positive fecal specimens. Histologically, after 8 weeks of therapy, seven out of 12 geckos had only single developmental stages of Cryptosporidium sp. in the intestinal epithelium, and three, one and one geckos had low, moderate and high numbers, respectively, of the pathogen developmental stages. The HBC therapy was efficacious in decreasing the parasite load in moribund geckos. Morphometric and immunologic analysis of Cryptosporidium sp. oocyst isolates originating from Leopard geckos (E. macularius) demonstrated differences between gecko-derived oocyst isolates and isolates of C. serpentis recovered from snakes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Research
Volume30
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cryptosporidium sp.
  • Gecko
  • Hyperimmune bovine colostrum
  • Oocyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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