Hypercholesterolemia blunts NO donor-induced late preconditioning against myocardial infarction in conscious rabbits

Xian Liang Tang, Adam B. Stein, Gregg Shirk, Roberto Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although NO donors have been shown to confer late preconditioning (PC) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in healthy rabbits, it is unknown whether concurrent systemic disorders affect NO donor-induced cardioprotection. Since many patients with coronary artery disease have hypercholesterolemia (HC), we examined the effect of this condition on late PC induced by the NO donor diethylenetriamine/nitric oxide (DETA/NO). Chronically instrumented rabbits were fed a normal diet (normocholesterolemia, NC) or a diet enriched with 1% cholesterol (HC) for 4 weeks. Plasma cholesterol levels were significantly elevated and the arterial pressure response to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator bradykinin was blunted in cholesterol diet-fed rabbits. Conscious rabbits underwent a 30-minute coronary occlusion followed by 3 days of reperfusion. When NC rabbits were pretreated with DETA/NO (0.1 mg/kg, i.v. × 4, group II, n = 7) 24 hours before the 30-minute occlusion, infarct size was reduced by 52% (29.7 ± 3.4% versus 62.4 ± 4.0% of the region at risk in NC controls [group I, n = 5], P < 0.05), indicating that DETA/NO induced a late PC effect against myocardial infarction. In contrast, when HC rabbits were pretreated with the same dose of DETA/NO (group IV, n = 6), infarct size was not significantly reduced (61.0 ± 5.7% versus 68.1 ± 4.5% of the region at risk in HC [group III, n = 5], P = NS), suggesting that DETA/NO failed to induce a delayed cardioprotective effect. These data demonstrate, for the first time, that HC blunts NO donor-induced late PC against myocardial infarction, implying that the inhibitory effects of HC on ischemia-induced and NO donor-induced late PC are caused by disruption of biochemical pathways distal to the generation of NO that triggers these adaptations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-403
Number of pages9
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Diethylenetriamine/nitric oxide
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Myocardial reperfusion
  • NO donor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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