Hydrogen peroxide-mediated alteration of the heme prosthetic group of metmyoglobin to an iron chlorin product: Evidence for a novel oxidative pathway

Katsumi Sugiyama, Robert J. Highet, Amina Woods, Robert J. Cotter, Yoichi Osawa

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Abstract

Treatment of metmyoglobin with H2O2 is known to lead to the crosslinking of an active site tyrosine residue to the heme [Catalano, C. E. Y. S. Choe, and P. R. Ortiz de Montellano (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10534- 10541]. We have found in this study that this reaction also leads to an altered heine product not covalently bound to the protein. This product was characterized by visible absorption, infrared absorption, and mass and NMR spectrometry as an iron chlorin product formed from the saturation of the double bund between carbon atoms at positions 17 and 18 of pyrrole ring D with concomitant addition of a hydroxyl group on the carbon atom at position 18 and lactonization of the propionic acid to the carbon atom at position 17. Studies with the use of 18O-labeled H2O2, O2, and H2O clearly indicate that the source of the added oxygen on the heine is water. Evidently, water adds regiospecifically to a cationic site formed on a carbon atom at position 18 after oxidation of the ferric heme prosthetic group with peroxide. Prolonged incubation of the reaction mixture containing the iron hydroxychlorin product led to the formation of an iron dihydroxychlorin product, presumably from a slow addition of water to the initial iron hydroxychlorin. The iron chlorin products characterized in this study are distinct from the meso-oxyheme species, which is thought to be formed during peroxide-mediated degradation of metmyoglobin, cytochrome P450, ferric heme, and model ferric hemes, and give further insight into the mechanism of H2O2-induced heme alterations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)796-801
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 1997

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