Human xenoreactivity is reduced in mice bearing porcine antisense α(1,3) galactosyltransferase cDNA

Y. H. Ma, X. G. Zhou, J. H. Hu, J. Fei, G. H. Xia, L. H. Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIM: To explore the effect of antisense α(1,3) galactosyltransferase α(1,3) GT cDNA on production of Gal α (1,3) Gal (Gal epitope) xenoantigen in vivo. METH-ODS: Transgenic mice bearing the porcine antisense α(1, 3) GT cDNA (nt 1α - 640) were generated by pronuclei microinjection method. The integration of transgene was identified by PCR and Southern-blot analysis. The expression of murine α(1,3) GT was characterized by RT-PCR. Morphology of the spleen was examined by histological technique. Gal epitope was detected by immunofluorescent analysis. Binding of human natural xenoantibodies (IgM and IgG) and complement (C3c) to cells from mice was determined by flow cytometric assay. RESULTS: Transgenic mice beating the porcine antisense α(1,3) GT cDNA were born healthy and developed normally. However, necrosis occurred in the spleen of some mice heterozygous for transgene. Cell surface Gal epitope in transgenic heterozygotes was evidently reduced. Substantially less (30% - 60%) xenoantibodies in human serum bound to cells from a variety of tissues of transgenic heterozygotes compared with wild-type controls. Consequentially, human complement activation on cells from these mice was reduced by 40% 50%. CONCLUSION: Human xenoreactivity could be effectively reduced by inhibiting the expression of α (1,3) galactosyltransferase with an antisense gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
JournalActa Pharmacologica Sinica
Volume22
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 28 2001

Keywords

  • Antisense DNA
  • Epitopes
  • Fluorescent antibody technique
  • Galactosyltransferases
  • Heterologous transplantation
  • Reverse polymerase chain reaction
  • Southern blotting
  • Swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Ma, Y. H., Zhou, X. G., Hu, J. H., Fei, J., Xia, G. H., & Guo, L. H. (2001). Human xenoreactivity is reduced in mice bearing porcine antisense α(1,3) galactosyltransferase cDNA. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 22(3), 231-238.