In three performance evaluation surveys, panels that consisted of human T- lymphotropic virus type I or type II (HTLV-I/II) antibody-positive and - negative plasma samples were mailed to laboratories that voluntarily participated in the Centers for Disease Control Model Performance Evaluation Program. Donor samples were identical among surveys. In each survey, more than 98% of the laboratories reported enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test results; about 11% also reported results of Western blot (WB) testing. Variation in analytic sensitivity (96.7% to 99.4%) and specificity (98.3% to 99.5%) of EIA tests was noted in the three surveys. For WB testing, no nonreactive interpretations were reported for HTLV-I/II antibody-positive samples in any survey; however, indeterminate interpretations were reported for 35.2% to 40.7% of the WB tests that were performed on HTLV-I/II antibody-positive samples. More than 95% of these indeterminate WB test interpretations were reported for HTLV-II antibody-positive samples. Although HTLV-I/II antibody tests are generally sensitive and specific, their accuracy could be further improved by increasing the specificity of EIA tests and the sensitivity of WB tests.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology