Human rights violations among sexual and gender minorities in Kathmandu, Nepal: A qualitative investigation

Sonal Singh, Sunil Babu Pant, Suben Dhakal, Subash Pokhrel, Luke C. Mullany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Nepal has experienced sporadic reports of human rights violations among sexual and gender minorities. Our objective was to identify a range of human rights that are enshrined in international law and/or are commonly reported by sexual and gender minority participants in Kathmandu, to be nonprotected or violated. Methods: In September 2009 three focus group discussions were conducted by trained interviewers among a convenience sample of sexual and gender minority participants in Kathmandu Nepal. The modified Delphi technique was utilized to elicit and rank participant-generated definitions of human rights and their subsequent violations. Data was analyzed independently and cross checked by another investigator. Results: Participants (n = 29) reported experiencing a range of human rights violations at home, work, educational, health care settings and in public places. Lack of adequate legal protection, physical and mental abuse and torture were commonly reported. Access to adequate legal protection and improvements in the family and healthcare environment were ranked as the most important priority areas. Conclusions: Sexual and gender minorities in Nepal experienced a range of human rights violations. Future efforts should enroll a larger and more systematic sample of participants to determine frequency, timing, and/or intensity of exposure to rights violations, and estimate the population-based impact of these rights violations on specific health outcomes

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7
JournalBMC International Health and Human Rights
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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