Human psychopharmacology of ketocyclazocine as compared with cyclazocine, morphine and placebo

K. M. Kumor, C. A. Haertzen, R. E. Johnson, T. Kocher, D. Jasinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The activity of ketocyclazocine, a putative kappa opioid receptor agonist, was studied and compared with that of morphine, a mu opioid receptor agonist, and cyclazocine, a putative kappa and sigma opioid receptor agonist, vs. placebo in 10 drug abusers. The measures included vital signs and pupil measurements, established and new observer- and subject-completed psychopharmacologic questionnaires and several methods of drug discrimination. The resuls indicate that ketocyclazocine is different from morphine-like agonists in that it produces only minimal miosis and lacks euphoriant action. It causes a dysphoric state and was clearly discriminated from morphine. The dysphoria and pattern of responses was similar to cyclazocine though ketocyclazocine was discriminated from cyclazocine. This is consistent with the concept that morphine and ketocyclazocine have separate modes of primary activity. The similarity between ketocyclazocine and cyclazocine obscures the assignment of particular drug effects to activity at the kappa receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)960-968
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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