Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army: Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics

David N. Cowan, Robin S. Pomerantz, Z. Frank Wann, Mary Goldenbaum, John F. Brundage, Richard N. Miller, Donald S. Burke, Charles A. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since routine testing began, 677,463 members of the Reserve Components of the US Army have been tested for antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Of these, 1063 were positive, for a crude prevalence of 1.57/1000 tested. Prevalence varied greatly among different groups as defined by sex, ethnicity, marital status, age, and geographic location. Multivariate analysis indicated that prevalence was higher among men, blacks, and unmarried men and peaked at ages 30-34. The crude incidence density was 0.20/1000 person-years, and multivariate analysis of incidence revealed patterns similar to those for prevalence. Comparison of prevalence and incidence data provides evidence that an increasing proportion of infection is occurring among women and in nonmetropolitan and small urban areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-836
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume162
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Virus Diseases
Demography
HIV
Incidence
Multivariate Analysis
Geographic Locations
Marital Status
Antibodies
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Immunology

Cite this

Cowan, D. N., Pomerantz, R. S., Wann, Z. F., Goldenbaum, M., Brundage, J. F., Miller, R. N., ... Carroll, C. A. (1990). Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army: Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 162(4), 827-836.

Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army : Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics. / Cowan, David N.; Pomerantz, Robin S.; Wann, Z. Frank; Goldenbaum, Mary; Brundage, John F.; Miller, Richard N.; Burke, Donald S.; Carroll, Charles A.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 162, No. 4, 10.1990, p. 827-836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cowan, DN, Pomerantz, RS, Wann, ZF, Goldenbaum, M, Brundage, JF, Miller, RN, Burke, DS & Carroll, CA 1990, 'Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army: Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 162, no. 4, pp. 827-836.
Cowan, David N. ; Pomerantz, Robin S. ; Wann, Z. Frank ; Goldenbaum, Mary ; Brundage, John F. ; Miller, Richard N. ; Burke, Donald S. ; Carroll, Charles A. / Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army : Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1990 ; Vol. 162, No. 4. pp. 827-836.
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