Human immunodeficiency virus infection among members of the reserve components of the US Army: Prevalence, incidence, and demographic characteristics

Walter Reed Retrovirus Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since routine testing began, 677, 463 members of the Reserve Components of the US Army have been tested for antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Of these, 1063 were positive, for a crude prevalence of 1.57/1000tested. Prevalence varied greatly among different groups as defined by sex, ethnicity, marital status, age, and geographic location. Multivariate analysis indicated that prevalence was higher among men, blacks, and unmarried men and peaked at ages 30–34. The crude incidence density was 0.20/1000 person-years, and multivariate analysis of incidence revealed patterns similar to those for prevalence. Comparison of prevalence and incidence data provides evidence that an increasing proportion of infection is occurring among women and in nonmetropolitan and small urban areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-836
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume162
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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