Specified regions of the myocardium can be labeled in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to serve as markers during contraction. The technique is based on locally perturbing the magnetization of the myocardium with selective radiofrequency (RF) saturation of multiple, thin tag planes during diastole followed by conventional, orthogonal-plane imaging during systole. The technique was implemented on a 0.38-T imager and tested on phantoms and volunteers. In humans, tags could be seen 60-450 msec after RF saturation, thus permitting sampling of the entire contractile phase of the cardiac cycle. Tagged regions appear as hypointense stripes, and their patterns of displacement reflect intervening cardiac motion. In addition to simple translation and rotation, complex motions such as cardiac twist can be demonstrated. The effects of RF pulse angle, relaxation times, and heart rate on depiction of the tagged regions are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging