Human GAPDH is a target of aspirin's primary metabolite salicylic acid and its derivatives

Hyong Woo Choi, Miaoying Tian, Murli Manohar, Maged Harraz, Sang Wook Park, Frank C. Schroeder, Solomon H Snyder, Daniel F. Klessig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The plant hormone salicylic acid (SA) controls several physiological processes and is a key regulator of multiple levels of plant immunity. To decipher the mechanisms through which SA's multiple physiological effects are mediated, particularly in immunity, two high-throughput screens were developed to identify SA-binding proteins (SABPs). Glyceraldehyde 3- Phosphate Dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from plants (Arabidopsis thaliana) was identified in these screens. Similar screens and subsequent analyses using SA analogs, in conjunction with either a photoaffinity labeling technique or surface plasmon resonance-based technology, established that human GAPDH (HsGAPDH) also binds SA. In addition to its central role in glycolysis, HsGAPDH participates in several pathological processes, including viral replication and neuronal cell death. The anti-Parkinson's drug deprenyl has been shown to suppress nuclear translocation of HsGAPDH, an early step in cell death and the resulting cell death induced by the DNA alkylating agent N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. Here, we demonstrate that SA, which is the primary metabolite of aspirin (acetyl SA) and is likely responsible for many of its pharmacological effects, also suppresses nuclear translocation of HsGAPDH and cell death. Analysis of two synthetic SA derivatives and two classes of compounds from the Chinese medicinal herb Glycyrrhiza foetida (licorice), glycyrrhizin and the SA-derivatives amorfrutins, revealed that they not only appear to bind HsGAPDH more tightly than SA, but also exhibit a greater ability to suppress translocation of HsGAPDH to the nucleus and cell death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0143447
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Salicylic Acid
aspirin
Metabolites
salicylic acid
Aspirin
metabolites
Derivatives
Cell death
cell death
Cell Death
Glycyrrhiza
immunity
photoaffinity labeling
glycyrrhizin
Plant Immunity
licorice
surface plasmon resonance
labeling techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Choi, H. W., Tian, M., Manohar, M., Harraz, M., Park, S. W., Schroeder, F. C., ... Klessig, D. F. (2015). Human GAPDH is a target of aspirin's primary metabolite salicylic acid and its derivatives. PLoS One, 10(11), [e0143447]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143447

Human GAPDH is a target of aspirin's primary metabolite salicylic acid and its derivatives. / Choi, Hyong Woo; Tian, Miaoying; Manohar, Murli; Harraz, Maged; Park, Sang Wook; Schroeder, Frank C.; Snyder, Solomon H; Klessig, Daniel F.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 11, e0143447, 01.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, Hyong Woo ; Tian, Miaoying ; Manohar, Murli ; Harraz, Maged ; Park, Sang Wook ; Schroeder, Frank C. ; Snyder, Solomon H ; Klessig, Daniel F. / Human GAPDH is a target of aspirin's primary metabolite salicylic acid and its derivatives. In: PLoS One. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 11.
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