Human exposure to jet propellant-8

Raymond H. Tu, Terence H Risby

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Human exposure to Jet Propellant-8 (JP-8) has increased dramatically over the past 20 years when JP-8 became the preferred fuel for military aircraft and land vehicles in the United States and NATO countries (Ritchie et al., 2001a). JP-8 is the single largest source (9.58 billion liters in 2000) of chemical exposure to military personnel in the United States (Henz, 1998, from Egeghy et al., 2003; Ritchie et al., 2003). Worldwide consumption of kerosene-based jet fuels has grown from approximately 227 billion liters in 1992 (Defense Fuels Supply Center, 1997) to 240 billion liters in 1998 (Armbrust Aviation Group, 1998). The rise in the use of kerosene-based fuels worldwide has expanded human exposure to these fuels from 1.3 million U.S. workers in 1992 (Defense Fuels Supply Center, 1997) to 2.0 million workers in 2003 (Ritchie et al., 2003). As worldwide demand for JP-8 and its commercial airline equivalent, Jet A or Jet A-1, increases annually, the number of workers exposed to kerosene-based fuels is expected to continually multiply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationJet Fuel Toxicology
PublisherCRC Press
Pages287-328
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)9781420080216
ISBN (Print)9781420080209
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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