Human cortical neuronal cell line (HCN-1): Further in vitro characterization and suitability for brain transplantation

Maciej Poltorak, Mitsuo Isono, William J. Freed, Gabriele V. Ronnett, Solomon H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The human neuronal cell-1 (HCN-1) line has recently been established. Under favorable conditions, these cells differentiate into mature neuronal phenotypes. Here we report on further characterization of these cells. Cultured HCN-1 cells express fibronectin immunoreactivity and grow well on fibronectin substrate but do not respond to human bFGF. In the undifferentiated state, some HCN-1 cells show MHC class I antigen expression. After differentiation, HCN-1 cells and their processes are MHC class I negative. On the other hand, interferon-γ stimulation enhances MHC class I expression but does not induce MHC class II immunoreactivity. Our in vitro data indicate that HCN-1 cells express mixed characteristics, including both neuronal and mesenchymal markers, and are consistent with the suggestion that the HCN-1 cell line resembles an immature neuroepithelial cell precursor with a complex origin. One possible application of the use of the HCN-1 cells includes intracerebral transplantation. We also examined the survival of dissociated HCN-1 cells implanted into rat brain parenchyma. The host animals were not immunosuppressed. Despite expression of MHC class I antigens, small clusters of HCN-1 cells survived in the rat brain. These xenografts did not induce distinct immunological responses within the host brain tissue. Surviving HCN-1 cells demonstrated similar features to those observed in culture. Our preliminary results suggest that the HCN-1 cell line would be suitable for intracerebral transplantation in primates or humans. However, it may be that short-term host immunosuppression or addition of HCN-1 cell differentiation factors would be beneficial for enhanced cell survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalCell Transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992


  • Fibronectin
  • Neuronal cell line
  • Rat brain
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation


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