Prior estimates of radiation-absorbed doses from 82Rb, a frequently used PET perfusion tracer, yielded discrepant results. We reevaluated 82Rb dosimetry using human in vivo biokinetic measurements. Methods: Ten healthy volunteers underwent dynamic PET/CT (6 contiguous table positions, each with separate 82Rb infusion). Source organ volumes of interest were delineated on the CT images and transferred to the PET images to obtain time-integrated activity coefficients. Radiation doses were estimated using OLINDA/EXM 1.0. Results: The highest mean absorbed organ doses (μGy/MBq) were observed for the kidneys (5.81), heart wall (3.86), and lungs (2.96). Mean effective doses were 1.11 ± 0.22 and 1.26 ± 0.20 mSv/MBq using the tissue-weighting factors of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), publications 60 and 103, respectively. Conclusion: Our current 82Rb dosimetry suggests reasonably low radiation exposure. On the basis of this study, a clinical 82Rb injection of 2 x 1,480 MBq (80 mCi) would result in a mean effective dose of 3.7 mSv using the weighting factors of the ICRP 103 - only slightly above the average annual natural background exposure in the United States (3.1 mSv).
- Positron emission tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging