How well is Helicobacter pylori treated in usual practice?

Kumaresan Yogeswaran, Grant Chen, Lawrence Cohen, Mary Anne Cooper, Elaine Yong, Eugene Hsieh, Corwyn Rowsell, Fred Saibil, Jill Tinmouth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a WHO class I carcinogen also associated with nonmalignant gastrointestinal diseases. Effective treatment exists, and all persons infected with H pylori should receive treatment. However, data regarding the rates of treatment prescription in clinical practice are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of H pylori treatment in usual practice. METHODS: Patients with histological evidence of H pylori infection between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2007, at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre (Toronto, Ontario) were identified. Charts were reviewed to determine the rates of H pylori treatment and confirmation of eradication, when indicated. Questionnaires were subsequently sent to endoscopists of patients identified as not having received treatment to determine the reasons for lack of treatment. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients were H pylori positive and were appropriate candidates for treatment, of whom 58 (57%) were male and 78 (76%) were outpatients, with 92 (90%) receiving eradication therapy. When indicated, 15 of 22 (68%) patients received confirmation of eradication, 13 of 18 (72%) patients underwent repeat endoscopy and 86% received complete therapy. Outpatients were more likely to receive eradication therapy (OR 10.3 [95% CI 2.6 to 40.4]; P=0.001) and complete therapy (OR 13.2 [95% CI 3.8 to 45.7]; P=0.0001) compared with inpatients. Having a follow-up appointment resulted in higher treatment rates (OR 12.0 [95% CI 3.0 to 47.5]; P=0.001). CONCLUSION: During the time period studied, adequate rates of H pylori treatment were achieved in outpatients and patients who had formal follow-up at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. However, some aspects of care remain suboptimal including treatment of inpatients and care following treatment. Additional studies are required to identify strategies to improve the care of patients infected with H pylori.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-546
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume25
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endoscopy
  • Follow-up
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Inpatients
  • Outpatients
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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