How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among dominican immigrant women

An exploratory study

Subadra Panchanadeswaran, Beverly Araujo Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding the factors that contribute to the health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities in the United States is very important given the growing Latina population. Although researchers have investigated the health and mental health status among Latinas, the relationship between mental health and self-esteem has not been given a lot of attention. Given that self-esteem is a proxy for mental health status, investigations exploring the factors that can negatively affect self-esteem are needed. Therefore, the current study examined the influence of discrimination and stress on self-esteem among Dominican immigrant women. A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 235 immigrant Dominican women in New York City. Women (age 18-49 years) and in the United States for fewer than 20 years were more likely to report experiencing discrimination compared to women older than age 50 years and in the United States for more than 20 years. After controlling for age, time in the United States, educational level, and income, high levels of discrimination (-0.09, p <0.01) and stress (-0.69, p <0.001) were significantly associated with reduced self-esteem. Interventions with Latino/a populations, especially women, need to acknowledge their individual evaluations of the discriminatory and stressful experiences that negatively influence their self-esteem and subsequently their mental health status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-77
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Self Concept
self-esteem
discrimination
immigrant
Mental Health
mental health
Hispanic Americans
Health Status
health status
Health
Proxy
health
cross-sectional study
national minority
Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Research Personnel
income
evaluation
experience

Keywords

  • discrimination
  • Dominican immigrant women
  • Self-esteem
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among dominican immigrant women : An exploratory study. / Panchanadeswaran, Subadra; Dawson, Beverly Araujo.

In: Social Work in Public Health, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 60-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Panchanadeswaran, Subadra ; Dawson, Beverly Araujo. / How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among dominican immigrant women : An exploratory study. In: Social Work in Public Health. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 60-77.
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