How can practice-based research contribute to the elimination of health disparities?

George Rust, Lisa A Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care and health outcomes are well documented. Disparities research is evolving from documenting these disparities, to understanding their causes and mechanisms, and finally to conducting interventional research to reduce or eliminate disparities. Unfortunately, few studies to date have demonstrated substantial reductions in health outcomes disparities. Traditional experimental models of research that test a single intervention held constant throughout the study period may not have the power to impact complex clusters of comorbid health disparities in patients who receive care in underresourced primary care safety net practice settings. New models of research will be required to test dynamic, multidimensional interventions that triangulate on patients, providers, and communities and are continuously improved with every radar-sweep of feedback from rapid-cycle measurement of population health outcomes on a community-wide basis. In this article, we review 12 promising strategies that could substantially increase the impact of research on eliminating health disparities in America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

Health
Research
Healthcare Disparities
Radar
Primary Health Care
Theoretical Models
Safety
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Family Practice

Cite this

How can practice-based research contribute to the elimination of health disparities? / Rust, George; Cooper, Lisa A.

In: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 2, 03.2007, p. 105-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6538c5629ac74a07b1b3634ba2a55077,
title = "How can practice-based research contribute to the elimination of health disparities?",
abstract = "Racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care and health outcomes are well documented. Disparities research is evolving from documenting these disparities, to understanding their causes and mechanisms, and finally to conducting interventional research to reduce or eliminate disparities. Unfortunately, few studies to date have demonstrated substantial reductions in health outcomes disparities. Traditional experimental models of research that test a single intervention held constant throughout the study period may not have the power to impact complex clusters of comorbid health disparities in patients who receive care in underresourced primary care safety net practice settings. New models of research will be required to test dynamic, multidimensional interventions that triangulate on patients, providers, and communities and are continuously improved with every radar-sweep of feedback from rapid-cycle measurement of population health outcomes on a community-wide basis. In this article, we review 12 promising strategies that could substantially increase the impact of research on eliminating health disparities in America.",
author = "George Rust and Cooper, {Lisa A}",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
doi = "10.3122/jabfm.2007.02.060131",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "105--114",
journal = "Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine",
issn = "1557-2625",
publisher = "American Board of Family Medicine",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How can practice-based research contribute to the elimination of health disparities?

AU - Rust, George

AU - Cooper, Lisa A

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - Racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care and health outcomes are well documented. Disparities research is evolving from documenting these disparities, to understanding their causes and mechanisms, and finally to conducting interventional research to reduce or eliminate disparities. Unfortunately, few studies to date have demonstrated substantial reductions in health outcomes disparities. Traditional experimental models of research that test a single intervention held constant throughout the study period may not have the power to impact complex clusters of comorbid health disparities in patients who receive care in underresourced primary care safety net practice settings. New models of research will be required to test dynamic, multidimensional interventions that triangulate on patients, providers, and communities and are continuously improved with every radar-sweep of feedback from rapid-cycle measurement of population health outcomes on a community-wide basis. In this article, we review 12 promising strategies that could substantially increase the impact of research on eliminating health disparities in America.

AB - Racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care and health outcomes are well documented. Disparities research is evolving from documenting these disparities, to understanding their causes and mechanisms, and finally to conducting interventional research to reduce or eliminate disparities. Unfortunately, few studies to date have demonstrated substantial reductions in health outcomes disparities. Traditional experimental models of research that test a single intervention held constant throughout the study period may not have the power to impact complex clusters of comorbid health disparities in patients who receive care in underresourced primary care safety net practice settings. New models of research will be required to test dynamic, multidimensional interventions that triangulate on patients, providers, and communities and are continuously improved with every radar-sweep of feedback from rapid-cycle measurement of population health outcomes on a community-wide basis. In this article, we review 12 promising strategies that could substantially increase the impact of research on eliminating health disparities in America.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34247165216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34247165216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3122/jabfm.2007.02.060131

DO - 10.3122/jabfm.2007.02.060131

M3 - Article

C2 - 17341746

AN - SCOPUS:34247165216

VL - 20

SP - 105

EP - 114

JO - Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine

JF - Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine

SN - 1557-2625

IS - 2

ER -