Housing conditions influence motor functions and exploratory behavior following focal damage of the rat brain

Elzbieta Gornicka-Pawlak, Anna Jablonska, Andrzej Chylinski, Krystyna Domańska-Janik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The present study investigated influence of housing conditions on motor functions recovery and exploratory behavior following ouabain focal brain lesion in the rat. During 30 days post-surgery period rats were housed individually in standard cages (IS) or in groups in enriched environment (EE) and behaviorally tested. The EE lesioned rats showed enhanced recovery from motor impairments in walking beam task, comparing with IS animals. Contrarily, in the open field IS rats (both lesioned and control) traveled a longer distance, showed less habituation and spent less time resting at the home base than the EE animals. Unlike the EE lesioned animals, the lesioned IS rats, presented a tendency to hyperactivity in post-injury period. Turning tendency was significantly affected by unilateral brain lesion only in the EE rats. We can conclude that housing conditions distinctly affected the rat's behavior in classical laboratory tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-72
Number of pages11
JournalActa Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Exploratory behavior
  • Focal brain damage
  • Functional recovery
  • Video-tracking system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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