Host selection of field-collected anopheles jeyporiensis and anopheles nivipes in Bangladesh

Hasan Mohammad Al-Amin, Mohammad Abdullah Heel Kafi, Sumit Chakma, Abu Naser Mohon, Wasif A. Khan, Rashidul Haque, David J Sullivan, Douglas Norris, Mohammad Shafiul Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anopheles jeyporiensis and Anopheles nivipes appear to play an important role in contemporary malaria transmission in Bangladesh. However, very little is known about the natural host selection of these vectors. Therefore, host selection of these two species was investigated in Bandarban, the most malarious region of Bangladesh. A total of 480 engorged mosquitoes were analyzed. The human blood index (HBI) of An. jeyporiensis varied from 4.17% in outdoor to 19.17% in indoor collections. Similarly, HBI of An. nivipes ranged between 0.83% and 22.50% from outdoor to indoor. For both species, cow blood indices were significantly higher than HBI in both indoor and outdoor collections. These data demonstrate the opportunistic and zoophilic nature of An. jeyporiensis and An. nivipes, which suggests that approaches such as zooprophylasis may prove beneficial as a control strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1423
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume100
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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