OBJECTIVES: Obesity affects a large proportion of the U.S. population, and hospitalizations may serve as an opportunity to promote weight loss. We sought to determine if multidisciplinary patient-centered inpatient weight loss intervention that included counseling, consults, post-discharge telephone text messages, and primary care follow up was feasible.
METHODS: We conducted a feasibility study focusing on 25 obese hospitalized patients to understand the issues related to rolling out an intensive intervention. Actual weight loss was a secondary outcome and we compared these 25 patients to 28 control patients who were exposed to usual care; weight change was assessed at 1 and 6 months.
RESULTS: Ninety-six percent (24/25) of nutritional consults and 92% (23/25) of physical therapy consults were submitted by hospital providers. All of these doctors were also reminded to counsel their patients about the detrimental health consequences. Fifty-two percent (13/25) and 40% (10/25) were actually seen and counseled by nutrition and physical therapy services respectively, before being discharged. Sixty-eight percent (17/25) received a motivational interviewing counseling session from the principal investigator. All patients were sent text messages and followed with their primary care provider after discharge who received the personalized weight loss discharge instructions that had been given to the patient. The feasibility group lost a mean of 3.0 kg at 6 months and the control group gained an average of 0.20 kg at 6 months post discharge (p = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: Executing a multifaceted weight loss intervention for hospitalized obese patients is feasible, and there may be associated persistent improvements in weight status over time.
- Clinical Nutrition
- Physical Therapy
- and Text Messages
ASJC Scopus subject areas