Hospital delirium and psychological distress at 1 year and health-related quality of life after moderate-to-severe traumatic injury without intracranial hemorrhage

Christine M. Abraham, William T. Obremskey, Yanna Song, James C. Jackson, E. Wesley Ely, Kristin R. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether delirium during the hospital stay predicted health-related quality of life (HRQOL) at 1 year after injury in trauma intensive care unit (ICU) survivors without intracranial hemorrhage, and to examine the association between depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and each of the HRQOL domains at 1-year follow-up. Design: Prognostic cohort with a 1-year follow-up. Setting: Level 1 trauma ICU. Participants: Adult patients without intracranial hemorrhage (N=173) admitted to a level 1 trauma ICU. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: HRQOL was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey at 1 year after traumatic injury. Results: Average delirium duration ± SD was .51±1.1 days. Hierarchical multivariable linear regression analyses did not find a statistical relationship between delirium and HRQOL at 1-year follow-up. However, increased levels of depressive symptoms at 1 year were statistically associated with poorer functioning in all physical and mental health HRQOL domains, whereas PTSD at 1 year was statistically associated with all HRQOL domains except role-physical (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2382-2389
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume95
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Delirium
  • Depression
  • Multiple trauma
  • Post-traumatic
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stress disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

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