Hospital control and multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in female patients, Lima, Peru

Field F. Willingham, Tracy L. Schmitz, Macbeth Contreras, Sheela E. Kalangi, Aldo M. Vivar, Luz Caviedes, Eduardo Schiantarelli, Paola Maurtua Neumann, Caryn Bern, Robert H. Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB), rate of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB, and characteristics of TB on a female general medicine ward in Peru. Of 250 patients, 40 (16%) were positive by sputum culture and 27 (11%) by smear, and 8 (3%) had MDRTB. Thirteen (33%) of 40 culture-positive patients had not been suspected of having TB on admission. Six (46%) of 13 patients whose TB was unsuspected on admission had MDRTB, compared with 2 (7%) of 27 suspected cases (p=0.009). Five (63%) of 8 MDRTB patients were smear positive and therefore highly infective. In developing countries, hospital control, a simple method of reducing the spread of MDRTB, is neglected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Willingham, F. F., Schmitz, T. L., Contreras, M., Kalangi, S. E., Vivar, A. M., Caviedes, L., Schiantarelli, E., Neumann, P. M., Bern, C., & Gilman, R. H. (2001). Hospital control and multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in female patients, Lima, Peru. Emerging infectious diseases, 7(1), 123-127. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0701.010117