Hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation practice in the United States: A nationally representative survey

Dana P. Edelson, Trevor C. Yuen, Mary E. Mancini, Daniel P. Davis, Elizabeth A. Hunt, Joseph A. Miller, Benjamin S. Abella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) outcomes vary widely between hospitals, even after adjusting for patient characteristics, suggesting variations in practice as a potential etiology. However, little is known about the standards of IHCA resuscitation practice among US hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To describe current US hospital practices with regard to resuscitation care. DESIGN: A nationally representative mail survey. SETTING: A random sample of 1000 hospitals from the American Hospital Association database, stratified into 9 categories by hospital volume tertile and teaching status (major teaching, minor teaching, and nonteaching). SUBJECTS: Surveys were addressed to each hospital's cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) committee chair or chief medical/quality officer. MEASUREMENTS: A 27-item questionnaire. RESULTS: Responses were received from 439 hospitals with a similar distribution of admission volume and teaching status as the sample population (P=0.50). Of the 270 (66%) hospitals with a CPR committee, 23 (10%) were chaired by a hospitalist. High frequency practices included having a rapid response team (91%) and standardizing defibrillators (88%). Low frequency practices included therapeutic hypothermia and use of CPR assist technology. Other practices such as debriefing (34%) and simulation training (62%) were more variable and correlated with the presence of a CPR committee and/or dedicated personnel for resuscitation quality improvement. The majority of hospitals (79%) reported at least 1 barrier to quality improvement, of which the lack of a resuscitation champion and inadequate training were the most common. CONCLUSIONS: There is wide variability among hospitals and within practices for resuscitation care in the United States with opportunities for improvement. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014;9:353-357.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of hospital medicine
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Internal Medicine
  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Health Policy
  • Care Planning
  • Assessment and Diagnosis

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