Hookah smoking: Behaviors and beliefs among young consumers in the United States

Merlyn A. Griffiths, Eric W. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hookah smoking is growing in popularity among college-age students in the United States. Community-based, semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 college-age individuals who had used a hookah to smoke tobacco. A structured analysis of responses was conducted and framed in terms of the health belief model's four main constructs. Although hookah smokers were aware of the potential severity of tobacco-related illnesses, they did not express a perceived susceptibility to those illnesses. To the extent that cues to action exist with respect to hookah smoking, they generally serve to promote a risky behavior that is perceived to be largely social in nature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • health belief model
  • Hookah smoking
  • tobacco consumption
  • youth beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)


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