Homelessness and HIV-associated risk behavior among African American men who inject drugs and reside in the urban south of the United States

Laura F. Salazar, Richard A. Crosby, David R Holtgrave, Sara Head, Benjamin Hadsock, Jeffrey Todd, R. Luke Shouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study determined whether homeless injection drug users (IDUs) were more likely than stably housed IDUs to engage in HIV-associated risk behaviors. Respondent driven sampling was used to recruit 343 African American male IDUs. About 69% of men had been homeless in the past year and 13% were HIV positive. Controlling for age and income, homeless men as compared to stably housed men were 2.6 times more likely to report sharing needles, 2.4 times more likely to have 4 or more sex partners and 2.4 times more likely to have had sex with other men. Homeless men were also twice as likely to report having unprotected sex with a casual partner and about two-thirds less likely to report never using sterile needles. Self-reported HIV status was an effect modifier of these associations such that the observed relationships applied mostly only to men who were not knowingly HIV positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume11
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Fingerprint

Homeless Persons
Risk-Taking
African Americans
HIV
Drug Users
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Injections
Needle Sharing
Unsafe Sex
Needles

Keywords

  • African American
  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Injection drug use
  • Men
  • Sexual risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Homelessness and HIV-associated risk behavior among African American men who inject drugs and reside in the urban south of the United States. / Salazar, Laura F.; Crosby, Richard A.; Holtgrave, David R; Head, Sara; Hadsock, Benjamin; Todd, Jeffrey; Shouse, R. Luke.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 11, No. SUPPL. 2, 11.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salazar, Laura F. ; Crosby, Richard A. ; Holtgrave, David R ; Head, Sara ; Hadsock, Benjamin ; Todd, Jeffrey ; Shouse, R. Luke. / Homelessness and HIV-associated risk behavior among African American men who inject drugs and reside in the urban south of the United States. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2007 ; Vol. 11, No. SUPPL. 2.
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