Home Oxygen Therapy for Chronic Lung Disease in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Bonnie B. Hudak, Marilee C. Allen, Mark L. Hudak, Gerald M. Loughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic lung disease that requires prolonged oxygen therapy commonly complicates the recovery of extremely low-birth-weight infants We report follow-up data through 18.5±0.9 months of age in 30 extremely low-birth-weight infants who were discharged home receiving supplemental oxygen. Oxygen was prescribed to maintain arterial oxygen saturation at 95% or greater. At discharge, postconceptional age was 40.5±0.6 weeks, and weight was 2220±50 g. Duration of home oxygen therapy was 4.5±0.5 months. The mean weight percentile increased from less than 5 to 23 between discharge and the last follow-up. All infants survived; only 6 required hospitalization for acute medical illnesses. We conclude that carefully supervised home oxygen therapy permits the safe early discharge of selected extremely low-birth-weight infants with chronic lung disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-360
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume143
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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