HMG Box-Activating Factors 1 and 2, Two HMG Box Transcription Factors That Bind the Human Ig Heavy Chain Enhancer

Sean Stevens, Peter Ordentlich, Ranjan Sen, Tom Kadesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the isolation of two cDNAs that encode distinct, yet related, proteins that bind the HE2 region of the human Ig heavy chain (IgH) enhancer. Designated HMG box-activating factors (HAF) 1 and 2, the two proteins are new members of the HMG box family of DNA binding proteins. Both are potent transcription activators when expressed 1) as GAL4 fusions targeted to promoters containing GAL4 operators, or 2) as intact proteins targeted to minimal promoters containing binding sites derived from the IgH enhancer. HAF-1 and HAF-2 mRNAs are apparently expressed in both B cells and non-B cells. However, activity generated by the isolated HE2 region in B cells is dependent on both an intact HAF-1/HAF-2 binding site and at least one additional site that has been reported previously to bind a B cell-restricted protein. Our results suggest a collaborative role for either or both HAF-1 and HAF-2 in establishing the B cell activity of the human IgH enhancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3491-3498
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume157
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 15 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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