HLA-G is a nonclassical MHC class I antigen that has been shown to be a specific marker for normal intermediate trophoblast (IT). In this study HLA-G immunoreactivity assessed with an HLA-G specific antibody (4H84) was detected in all 14 cases of choriocarcinoma, 14 placental site trophoblastic tumors, 13 epithelioid trophoblastic tumors, 16 placental site nodules, and nine exaggerated placental sites. In contrast, HLA-G immunoreactivity was not detected in 34 nontrophoblastic uterine neoplasms. HLA-G immunoreactivity was present in all the IT cells of exaggerated placental sites and placental site trophoblastic tumors and in 70-100% of IT cells in placental site nodules and epithelioid trophoblastic tumors. The pattern of distribution of HLA-G in different subpopulations of IT confirms the relationship of various trophoblastic lesions to different types of IT (exaggerated placental site and placental site trophoblastic tumor to implantation site IT and placental site nodule and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor to chorionic-type IT) and suggests that choriocarcinoma is related to villous-type IT because the majority of mononucleate cells in this neoplasm were HLA-G immunoreactive. In conclusion, HLA-G immunoreactivity appears to be specific for IT in gestational trophoblastic disease and can serve as a useful marker in the differential diagnosis of these lesions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine