HIV/STD prevention interventions for adolescents: Cost-effectiveness considerations

Steven D. Pinkerton, Heather Cecil, David R. Holtgrave

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Every year, millions of American adolescents are infected with STDs, including HIV. The personal, social, and economic consequences of adolescent STD infection are substantial. Fortunately, school-based, individually- focused, and community-level educational and sexual risk reduction interventions can help prevent the spread of STDs among adolescents. However, very little is known about the economic efficiency, or cost-effectiveness, of such programs. Because funding for HIV/STD prevention programs is limited, health departments and other decision makers need accurate information about the cost-effectiveness of various prevention programs to help them appropriately target spending. This study: (1) reviews the magnitude of the multiple STD epidemics among adolescents; (2) describes selected STD prevention interventions that have been shown to be effective at reducing adolescents' risk for contracting STDs; and (3) discusses the cost- effectiveness of these programs, using what is known about the economic efficiency of HIV/STD prevention programs for adults as a guideline, and taking into account factors unique to the adolescent population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-31
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • HIV
  • Prevention
  • Risk behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'HIV/STD prevention interventions for adolescents: Cost-effectiveness considerations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this