HIV/AIDS stigma: Reliability and validity of a new measurement instrument in Chennai, India

Carla E. Zelaya, Sudha Sivaram, Sethulakshmi C. Johnson, A. K. Srikrishnan, Suniti Solomon, David D. Celentano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV/AIDS stigma is a frequently cited barrier to HIV prevention, including voluntary counseling and testing. A reliable and valid measurement instrument is critical to empirically assess the extent and effects of HIV/AIDS stigma. The paper reports the development and psychometric testing of an HIV/AIDS stigma scale among 200 men in India. The resulting 24-item scale and the four subscales had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha overall was 0.81; subscales were 0.86, 0.73, 0.72 and 0.76, respectively). The scale and distinct subscales suggest a valid and reliable measure for HIV/AIDS stigma in a setting with highly prevalent HIV risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-788
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Psychometrics
  • Scale
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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