In 2003, Thailand launched a program to place 50,000 persons on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) by the end of 2004, following a series of efforts since the early 1990s to develop comprehensive HIV/AIDS care services. To evaluate existing services and needs in advance of the national HAART scale-up, in 2002 we surveyed 31 hospitals and 389 community health centers in three northern Thai provinces, and interviewed 1,015 HIV-infected patients attending outpatient clinics. All hospitals offered voluntary HIV counseling and testing, 84% provided primary prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, 58% for tuberculosis, 39% for cryptococcal meningitis, and 87% had some experience providing antiretroviral therapy. Community health centers provided more limited service coverage. Of patients interviewed, 63% had been diagnosed with symptomatic HIV disease, and of these, 32% reported ever receiving antiretroviral therapy; 51% of all patients had received a CD4 T-lymphocyte count. Thailand's current national HAART scale-up is being performed in a setting of well-developed hospital-based services introduced over the course of the epidemic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health|
|State||Published - Jan 2006|
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