HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi

Simona Bignami-Van Assche, Philip Anglewicz, Ari Van Assche, Peter Fleming, Catherine van de Ruit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIDS-related morbidity and mortality are expected to have a large economic impact in rural Malawi, because they reduce the time that adults can spend on production for subsistence and on income-generating activities. However, households may compensate for production losses by reallocating tasks among household members. The data demands for measuring these effects are high, limiting the amount of empirical evidence. In this paper, we utilize a unique combination of qualitative and quantitative data, including biomarkers for HIV, collected by the 2004 Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project, to analyze the association between AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, and time allocation decisions in rural Malawian households. We find that AIDS-related morbidity and mortality have important economic effects on women's time, whereas men's time is unresponsive to the same shocks. Most notably, AIDS is shown to induce diversification of income sources, with women (but not men) reallocating their time, generally from work-intensive (typically farming and heavy chores) to cash-generating tasks (such as casual labor).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)671-708
Number of pages38
JournalDemographic Research
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Malawi
AIDS
morbidity
mortality
income
economic impact
diversification
time
labor
evidence
economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

Cite this

Bignami-Van Assche, S., Anglewicz, P., Van Assche, A., Fleming, P., & van de Ruit, C. (2011). HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi. Demographic Research, 24, 671-708. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.27

HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi. / Bignami-Van Assche, Simona; Anglewicz, Philip; Van Assche, Ari; Fleming, Peter; van de Ruit, Catherine.

In: Demographic Research, Vol. 24, 19.10.2011, p. 671-708.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bignami-Van Assche, S, Anglewicz, P, Van Assche, A, Fleming, P & van de Ruit, C 2011, 'HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi', Demographic Research, vol. 24, pp. 671-708. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.27
Bignami-Van Assche S, Anglewicz P, Van Assche A, Fleming P, van de Ruit C. HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi. Demographic Research. 2011 Oct 19;24:671-708. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.27
Bignami-Van Assche, Simona ; Anglewicz, Philip ; Van Assche, Ari ; Fleming, Peter ; van de Ruit, Catherine. / HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi. In: Demographic Research. 2011 ; Vol. 24. pp. 671-708.
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