HIV/AIDS and intimate partner violence: Intersecting women's health issues in the United States

Andrea Carlson Gielen, Reem M. Ghandour, J. G.Jessica G. Burke, Patricia Mahoney, Karen A. McDonnell, Patricia O'Campo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

This article reviews 35 U.S. studies on the intersection of HIV and adult intimate partner violence (IPV). Most studies describe rates of IPV among women at risk or living with HIV/AIDS and identify correlates, using multiple types of convenience samples (e.g., women in methadone treatment, women in shelters or clinics), cross-sectional designs, and self-reported risk behaviors. HIV-positive women appear to experience any IPV at rates comparable to HIV-negative women from the same underlying populations; however, their abuse seems to be more frequent and more severe. The authors found only four relevant interventions and none addressed sexually transmitted HIV and partner violence risk reduction simultaneously. There is a critical need for research on (a) causal pathways and cumulative effects of the syndemic issues of violence, HIV, and substance abuse and (b) interventions that target IPV victims at risk for HIV, as well as HIV-positive women who may be experiencing IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-198
Number of pages21
JournalTrauma, Violence, and Abuse
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Keywords

  • Domestic violence
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Prevention
  • Sexual risk reduction
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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