HIV voluntary counseling and testing service preferences in a rural Malawi population

Joseph DeGraft-Johnson, Valerie Paz-Soldan, Antonio Kasote, Amy Ong Tsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services have become an integral component of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. This study of a rural Malawi district population examined variation in past and desired use of VCT services among 868 women aged 15 to 34 and 648 men aged 20 to 44 aware of HIV/AIDS. Only 11% of men and 7% of women had been tested, but of those untested, 76% of men and 61% of women desired testing. Ninety percent of respondents willing to know their results preferred to hear them from a test site counselor and on the same day of the test. However, 27% of women wanting to be tested did not want to know their test results, a finding significantly associated with knowing someone affected by AIDS and perceiving oneself at HIV infection risk. Knowledge of the behaviors of HIV prevention, knowing someone with AIDS, knowing the locations of a test site, and perceived risk of HIV infection all had a consistently significant association with past and future VCT use for men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-484
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Malawi
Rural Population
Counseling
HIV
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Africa South of the Sahara
Population

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Malawi
  • Population-based
  • VCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

HIV voluntary counseling and testing service preferences in a rural Malawi population. / DeGraft-Johnson, Joseph; Paz-Soldan, Valerie; Kasote, Antonio; Tsui, Amy Ong.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 9, No. 4, 12.2005, p. 475-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DeGraft-Johnson, Joseph ; Paz-Soldan, Valerie ; Kasote, Antonio ; Tsui, Amy Ong. / HIV voluntary counseling and testing service preferences in a rural Malawi population. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2005 ; Vol. 9, No. 4. pp. 475-484.
@article{8a1d5734c5b242ca93e520d466154a46,
title = "HIV voluntary counseling and testing service preferences in a rural Malawi population",
abstract = "Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services have become an integral component of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. This study of a rural Malawi district population examined variation in past and desired use of VCT services among 868 women aged 15 to 34 and 648 men aged 20 to 44 aware of HIV/AIDS. Only 11{\%} of men and 7{\%} of women had been tested, but of those untested, 76{\%} of men and 61{\%} of women desired testing. Ninety percent of respondents willing to know their results preferred to hear them from a test site counselor and on the same day of the test. However, 27{\%} of women wanting to be tested did not want to know their test results, a finding significantly associated with knowing someone affected by AIDS and perceiving oneself at HIV infection risk. Knowledge of the behaviors of HIV prevention, knowing someone with AIDS, knowing the locations of a test site, and perceived risk of HIV infection all had a consistently significant association with past and future VCT use for men and women.",
keywords = "HIV, Malawi, Population-based, VCT",
author = "Joseph DeGraft-Johnson and Valerie Paz-Soldan and Antonio Kasote and Tsui, {Amy Ong}",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s10461-005-9018-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "475--484",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - HIV voluntary counseling and testing service preferences in a rural Malawi population

AU - DeGraft-Johnson, Joseph

AU - Paz-Soldan, Valerie

AU - Kasote, Antonio

AU - Tsui, Amy Ong

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services have become an integral component of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. This study of a rural Malawi district population examined variation in past and desired use of VCT services among 868 women aged 15 to 34 and 648 men aged 20 to 44 aware of HIV/AIDS. Only 11% of men and 7% of women had been tested, but of those untested, 76% of men and 61% of women desired testing. Ninety percent of respondents willing to know their results preferred to hear them from a test site counselor and on the same day of the test. However, 27% of women wanting to be tested did not want to know their test results, a finding significantly associated with knowing someone affected by AIDS and perceiving oneself at HIV infection risk. Knowledge of the behaviors of HIV prevention, knowing someone with AIDS, knowing the locations of a test site, and perceived risk of HIV infection all had a consistently significant association with past and future VCT use for men and women.

AB - Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services have become an integral component of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. This study of a rural Malawi district population examined variation in past and desired use of VCT services among 868 women aged 15 to 34 and 648 men aged 20 to 44 aware of HIV/AIDS. Only 11% of men and 7% of women had been tested, but of those untested, 76% of men and 61% of women desired testing. Ninety percent of respondents willing to know their results preferred to hear them from a test site counselor and on the same day of the test. However, 27% of women wanting to be tested did not want to know their test results, a finding significantly associated with knowing someone affected by AIDS and perceiving oneself at HIV infection risk. Knowledge of the behaviors of HIV prevention, knowing someone with AIDS, knowing the locations of a test site, and perceived risk of HIV infection all had a consistently significant association with past and future VCT use for men and women.

KW - HIV

KW - Malawi

KW - Population-based

KW - VCT

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=32144444190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=32144444190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10461-005-9018-x

DO - 10.1007/s10461-005-9018-x

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 475

EP - 484

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

IS - 4

ER -