HIV Treatment Cascade by Housing Status at Enrollment: Results from a Retention in Care Cohort

The AIDS United Retention in Care Intervention Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Though housing instability is linked to poor HIV health outcomes, studies that assess the HIV treatment cascade by housing status are limited. Using data from a multi-site Retention in Care initiative we constructed HIV treatment cascades for participants (n = 463) of five grantee sites. We found no significant differences in viral suppression at follow-up among participants who were unstably housed at enrollment (49%) as compared to those who were stably housed at enrollment (54%). Among participants with available data at 6- or 12-month follow-up, 94% were engaged in care, 90% were retained in, 94% were on ART, and 71% had suppressed viral load. Some site-level differences were noted; at two of the sites participants who were stably housed were more likely to be retained in care and on ART. Overall, findings demonstrated that participants moved successfully through the HIV treatment cascade regardless of housing status at enrollment, suggesting that evidence-based support and services to help people living with HIV/AIDS can help mitigate barriers to engagement in care associated with lack of stable housing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-775
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019


  • HIV treatment cascade
  • Homelessness
  • Housing instability
  • People living with HIV/AIDS
  • Retention in care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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