HIV status disclosure among postpartum women in rural Tanzania: predictors, experiences and uptake of a nurse-facilitated disclosure intervention

E. Geubbels, A. Williams, Astha Ramaiya, D. Tancredi, S. Young, C. Chantry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV status disclosure is a key support strategy to start and maintain HIV care and treatment and to reduce HIV transmission. We explored the patterns and correlates of disclosure and described the effectiveness of nurse-facilitated disclosure among HIV-infected mothers of infants in coastal Tanzania. We enrolled 400 HIV positive women in an observational longitudinal study in 2011, interviewed them about maternal sociodemographic and economic characteristics, maternal and child health and history of HIV disclosure experiences and offered nurse-facilitated HIV disclosure at enrolment or at follow-up 1 month later. Mothers frequently disclosed their status to husbands and/or female relatives and experienced predominantly positive reactions. Economically vulnerable women disclosed more often to elderly female relatives, indicating that Infant and Young Child Feeding counseling given to HIV positive women should garner the support of elderly female relatives for implementing appropriate feeding practices. Nurse-facilitated disclosure was feasible in this low resource setting and was used by patients to help them with both first-time disclosure and disclosure to new persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Disclosure
  • HIV
  • mothers
  • Tanzania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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